The Bhagavad Gita, more commonly known as the Gita, is an extremely popular scripture., Bhagavad Gita, is perhaps the most famous, and definitely the most widely-read, ethical text of ancient India, variously dated between the third century BC and the fourth century AD. The reason for uncertainty is that the Gita is not always consistent and may be the work of several hands. One strand was probably written by a follower of the philosophy expressed in the Upanishads, in which Brahman is the highest unity underlying reality. Another strand, focussed on a more personal deity, may have been added later by a devotee of the supreme god Vishnu.
The Bhagavad Gita is the highest expression of philosophical Hinduism The Bhagavad-gita is universally renowned as the jewel of India's spiritual wisdom, is part of the Itihaas scripture Book 6 of Mahabharata, a chapter of the immense Indian epic, the Mahabharata, the saga of the war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.
Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead to His intimate disciple Arjuna, the Gita's seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self realization. It is in the form of a dialogue between Lord Sri Krishna and the mighty Pandava warrior Arjuna. The battlefield of Kurukshetra is its place of origin. Its central message is that one should discharge one's duty however hard and unpleasant it be - bravely and with selfless dedication.
When Arjuna hero of the Pandayas, the third son of king Pandu (dynasty name: Pandavas) is about to begin a war on the battlefield of Kuruksetra (Among the opposing army are his friends and relatives) that became inevitable once his one hundred cousins belonging to the Kaurava dynasty refused to return even a few villages to the five Pandava brothers after their return from enforced exile, he looks at his cousins, uncles and friends standing on the other side of the battlefield and wonders whether he is morally prepared and justified in killing his blood relations even though it was he, along with his brother Bhima. Convinced that it would be wrong to kill his own kinsmen, Arjuna is overcome by despair. He lays down his bow and declares that he will not fight.
The Gita is panentheistic rather than pantheistic. God is in all things, and all things are in God. But the visible universe springs from only a fraction of Vishnu's glory. There is also a hidden part of God which extends beyond the universe.
The teaching of The Bhagavad Gita is summed up in the maxim "your business is with the deed and not with the result.". Our well being lies in performing our Svadharma. Paradharma, duty suitable for others but not for us, will positively harm us if chosen by us.
Though this work contains much theology, its kernel is ethical and its teaching is set in the context of an ethical problem.
Nevertheless, the Gita contains probably the most powerful and thoroughgoing expression of pantheism in world scripture. Everyone of us has to perform his or her duty designated as Svadharma to please God, to serve the world and to repay one's debt to the society. Svadharma implies ambition commensurate with one's capacity and the necessary inclination as also the drive to achieve it. Our well being lies in performing our Svadharma. Paradharma, duty suitable for others but not for us, will positively harm us if chosen by us. The one God is the pinnacle of all things - the radiant sun of lights, the thought organ of sense organs, the intellect of beings, the ocean of waters, the Himalayas of mountain ranges, the Ganges of rivers. He is also the inherent essence of everything - including evil. He is the gambling of rogues, the courage of the courageous, the rod of disciplinarians, the statecraft of politicians, the Knowledge of the knowing.